Tennessee Walking Horse : The W gene is rare in all breeds but can….

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Result grey no change roan Base color any any any any Modified with TOTO, TOto toto Oo oo Result tobiano no change overo no change no change white no change Roan (RN) is another gene that lightens the base coat color in horses by mixing white hairs and colored hairs on the body.

The amount of white hairs may vary between the summer and winter coats, but overall, the horse remains the same color throughout its life.

The head and leg colors of roan horses are darker than the body.

The roan color is a dominant trait, but there is some controversy as to the possibility that the homozygous dominant condition is lethal in the early embryonic state.

There are other genes that contribute to an uneven roaning pattern, typically around the flank, barrel, and top of the tail in horses.

The white gene (W) modifies the normal coat so that the horse is white from birth.

Typically, this gene results in pink skin and dark eyes.

This is also a dominant trait, but research indicates that the homozygous dominant (WW) is a lethal condition in early embryonic development.

There is evidence that two normal parents can produce a white foal, which indicates that some white foals are produced from a gene mutation.

The W gene is rare in all breeds but can be found in the Tennessee Walking Horse, Miniatures, and American Albino breeds and has occurred in Thoroughbreds, Arabians, and Standardbreds. The tobiano spotting color pattern (TO) in which white crosses the horse’s back between the withers and tail is found in horse breeds throughout the world.

It is a dominant trait that can occur on any coat color.

The overo spotting color pattern (Oo) in which white originates from the horse’s belly and usually does not cross the back between its withers and tail also is found in horse breeds throughout the world.

Because an overo offspring can result infrequently from the mating of two solid-colored horses, it had been assumed that the overo color pattern is caused by the homozygous recessive (oo).

However, transmission of the overo spotting pattern does not follow a recessive pattern and is now known to be inherited as a dominant trait in which the homozygous dominant is a lethal condition in the early embryonic stage.

This is not to be confused with the lethal white foal syndrome, which also is associated with the overo color pattern.

Foals with the lethal white foal syndrome are almost always the result of two overo parents and are typically either blue-eyed white foals or may have only a few colored spots around the muzzle, ears, or tail.

The lethal white foal syndrome causes intestinal blockage due to missing portions of the digestive tract or lack of nerve cells that control movement of the intestinal tract.

The sabino color pattern is another spotting pattern in which the horse has irregular spotting on the legs, belly, and face and often has roaning in the colored portions of its coat.

Sabino patterns in different breeds may be controlled by different genes. Basic Horse Genetics 5 Leopard complex (LP) appaloosa color pattern Base color any any Modified with LPLP, LPlp lplp Result appaloosa no change The appaloosa color pattern is a combination of spotting and/or diffuse roaning, which usually is fairly symmetrical on the horse’s body.

Appaloosa color patterns are found worldwide in various breeds of horses and ponies.

Until recently, the inheritance of the pattern was unknown, but gene mapping of the horse genome has greatly increased the understanding of this color pattern.

The gene responsible for the appaloosa pattern is termed the leopard complex (LP).

The “complex” portion of the term is to include all types of appaloosa patterns that are not leopard.

It is believed that LP functions as a dominant gene to cause the appaloosa coat pattern, along with other appaloosa characteristics such as mottled skin, white sclera, and vertically striped hooves.

To have the color pattern, the horse must have an LP gene.

However, modifying genes may influence the expression of the LP gene; therefore, a horse that has minimal white modifying genes may not exhibit the LP gene.

To further confuse the issue, many researchers have hypothesized that the LP gene may act as an incomplete dominant gene.

That is, a horse that inherits an LP from both parents (LPLP) will exhibit more white than the heterozygous horse (LPlp), which only receives the dominant form of the gene from one parent.

Horses that are homozygous dominant are few-spot leopards, while heterozygous horses are leopard, blanket, varnish roan, snowflake, and frosted patterns.

In this publication, the genes that control color are discussed individually, and prominent breeds exhibiting a particular color pattern are given.

However, it is important to realize that all horses have a pair of genes for every color gene discussed and many that are not discussed.

For example, a chestnut horse would have the color genotype of ee dd CC gg ww zz toto oo lplp rnrn.

Genetic tests for some color genes exist.

For example, a test can be done to determine whether an animal is homozygous or heterozygous for the black gene. effect of each gene is small.

At the same time, the environmental effects are high for quantitative traits.

This combination tends to blur the distinction between phenotypic classes.

One horse may look better than its genetic makeup would indicate because it has been in a good environment, while another may look worse than its genetic makeup would indicate because it has been in a bad environment.

As a result, when selecting breeding animals, we may choose a horse with a good phenotype due to a superior environment which, in reality, may or may not have the genotype we desire.

Similarly, we may pass up a horse because its phenotype is undesirable due to a poor environment, while its genotype actually may be highly desirable for a specific breeding goal.

In other words, the best performers may not always have the most desirable genes, and environmental factors can enhance or mask genetic effects.

Unfortunately, many of our economically important traits for horses are quantitative traits.

Performance traits, such as racing speed, jumping ability, and cutting ability, are all quantitative traits, and evaluation of performance usually has a combination of objective (such as speed and jump height) and subjective (such as conformation and disposition) measurements.

Animal breeders have a variety of formulas for predicting genetic change through breeding.

These formulas take into account a variety of factors that influence genetic change.

A simple formula is as follows:

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    Ideal horse to haul to the roping pen, rodeos, or just trail ride

    Silver plated necklace with cowboy hat Horses-store.com Ideal horse to haul to the roping pen, rodeos, or just trail ride

    2000 Palomino Overo Mare • Consigned by Longhorn Cattle and Horses Triple Special T COUNTMEINTHEMONEY Jodies Misty A String Of Luck LUCKYS SUNNY LACE Barts Susie Triple’s Tital Miss Bar Flower Heza Wimpy Step Joak’s Jodie Bar Beatle Luck Becky Lee El Beaver Bar Jacks Dirty Sally LOT 11 – MARE LACEYS LUCKY MONEY – 578816 APHA 2007 Brown/White Mare • Consigned by Tom McBeath, Agent ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ………………………………………………… ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ………………………………………………… ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. LOT 13 – MARE JILL – Mule Footnotes: All the chrome and all the go! Super calf horse that really gets across the line and gives you a shot, she works a lot of rope without a jerk line, and drags her tail with her huge stop! Real fun mare to heel on, she has been ridden by our 13 year old son on the heel side and has been trail ridden all over! Will cross bridges, ditches, and creeks without hesitation.

    Ideal horse to haul to the roping pen, rodeos, or just trail ride.

    Don’t miss her! Footnotes: Jill is one of the flashiest mules you will ever see with 4 high white stockings.

    A good riding mule that has been trail ridden and arena ridden by both the young and old.

    Her sire, Magnolia Jackie was the 1992 National Champion Mammouth Jack, and is the sire of many champion mules throughout the United States.

    Jill is ready to be a part of your family. 2003 Black Appaloosa Gelding • Consigned by Tom McBeath, Agent ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ………………………………………………… ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ………………………………………………… ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. LOT 12 – GELDING BIG SPOT – Mule 2004 Red Roan Appaloosa Mare • Consigned by Tom McBeath, Agent ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ………………………………………………… ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ………………………………………………… ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. LOT 14 – MARE HONEY – Mule Footnotes: Here is a gentle giant.

    Big Spot is a great trail riding mule and has been ridden people of all ages and riding ability.

    He stands 16 hands tall and is very flashy, is a pleasure to be around.

    He is very easy going and just wants to please his rider.

    Big Spot’s sire, Magnolia Jackie was the 1992 National Champion Mammouth Jack and is the sire of many champions across the United States.

    Be sure to come see him when you get to the sale. — Impulsions HOT IMPULSE Ms Hot Medicine Invitation Only I CAME TO PLAY Little Dee Susie The Invester Randados Hotrodders Jet Set Miss Medicine Man Barpassers Image Bears Raisin Kane Kirk Bar Susie Bar Dee 2004 Sorrel Gelding • Consigned by Thornton Quarter Horses Ima Son O Sugar COPOCO BUENO Lenas Little Reyco Super One Ton FLAMES LAST JEWEL Kings Ole Flame Son O Sugar Gay Jay Doc O’lena Miss Reyco Shi Bar Skip Miss Scooper Ton The Ole Bird Ladys Cocoa LOT 60 – GELDING RED POCO REY – 4609038 AQHA Footnotes: 57 AQHA pnts and 56 nov.am.

    Pnts. 6.5 Perf.HalterMare and 4 WP pnts. (10 Open pnts); Amateur Perf ROM, 2010 AQHA World Show and 2011 Select World Show Qualifier in Perf.Halter. – 36.5 WP pnts and 10 Perf Halter – 46.5 Ama.pnts.

    Novice Amateur 8th in 2009 Congress WP .

    Novice Ama pnts – 40 WP pnts, 11.5 West Horsemanship, 4.5 showmanship – 56 Nov.Ama.


    NSBA money earner.

    Gorgeous mare with an extensive show record! Qualified this year for the World Show in Open and Amateur Perf Halter Mares. 2012 High Point WNYQHCI Ama.

    Pleasure, Perf.

    Halter Mare Open and Amateur and Nov.

    Amateur Horsemanship.

    Very fun to show and great at the patterns.

    Very nice to be around and suitable for a novice.

    AQHA IF. Sire: HOT IMPULSE – $13,931 and 116 pnts.

    AQHA World Champ Jr West Riding Horse, 4th Congress Jr West Riding, 5th Congress Open WP . 2011 AQHA Top 25 lead sire of halter pnt earners.

    Dam: I CAME TO PLAY – 11 pnts and $1414; Am perf ROM, dam of 10 foals – 6 to perform 39 Footnotes: Rey is a big, stout, nice looking, hardworking using gelding.

    He’s been used in sorting and penning cattle and ama; in all phases of ranch work.

    Experienced in working back grounding yard.

    Started on the head side in the roping pen.

    Take a look at Rey! Sire: COPOCO BUENO – by Ima Son O Sugar.

    Dam: FLAMES LAST JEWEL – dam of 7 foals. 40 2010 Sorrel Solid Mare • Consigned by Longhorn Cattle & Horses Goldnugget Bailey HANCOCKS DUSTER KING Dusty June Hancock Rhyming Simon THE HEART WONT LIE All Or None Hankins Goldnugget Ms Domino Bailey Joe Sage Hancock Lady Duster Five Duros Don Juan GW Berts Dolly Mr Bar None Leotoe Bars Lady LOT 61 – MARE HEARTDUSTER 990016 – APHA 1994 Sorrel Mare • Consigned by Dr.Hugh V. & Rosemary Leggett Sonny Go Te SONNYS SECURITEE Conclusive Delight Mr Conclusion STRAWHAT SUNSHINE Spanish Skip Star Te N’ Te Lucky Machine Conclusive Docs Imperial Miss Conclusive Miss Amber Charge Rochester’s Star Daisy Durant LOT 63 – MARE STRAWHAT ELEGANCE – 3269336 AQHA Footnotes: One of the favorites at the farm! A 3 year old filly with the mind set of a seasoned mare, very gentle, easy to handle, and a real attention seeker! She has been used on the farm since she turned 2, was ridden in the 2012 Christmas Parade and never flinched at any of the distractions.

    A pleasure to trail ride, will cross ditches, creeks, bridges, and go any where you point her head! If you need a using horse here she is! — 52 2319 Hwy. 19N • Meridian, Miss. 39304 601-482-3125 • www.seal-laird.com A.

    Otis Seal, DVM      Earl L.

    Laird, DVM At Seal-Laird Veterinary Hospital we understand how important your companion or large animal is to you.

    That’s why we’re dedicated to providing the best care possible.

    We offer over 89 years of combined experience to provide the highest quality veterinary service to all our clients and patients.

    We have on-site diagnostic imaging equipment to aid in the diagnosis of many disorders.

    Our laboratory performs serum chemistry, hematology, serology, urinalysis, infectious diseases and parasite testing. • Comprehensive Wellness Exams/Senior health Monitoring • Gas Anesthesia, both Forane and Sevoflurane (the safest available) • Surgery – Orthopedic, Soft Tissue, Laser • Farm Calls, House Calls, Pick-UP and Delivery • In-House Bloodwork, Urinalysis and Diagnostics • X-ray, Ultrasound, Endoscopy, EKG, • Shockwave Therapy • Reproductive Service – Large and Small • (Semen Collecting, Cooled Shipped Semen, • Artificial Insemination) • Equine Lameness Exams, Expert Farrier Service • Small Animal and Equine Dentistry Seal-Laird Veterinary Hospital HORSE SALES, INC. Trail • Roping • Barrel • Cutting • Reining • Pleasure • Halter SALE DATES: MARCH 23, 2013 • MAY 18, 2013 Wayne Boyd – AUCTIONEERS – Harold Brown WEST KENTUCKY BOWLING GREEN, KY. West Kentucky Horse Sales, Inc. Wayne & Diane Boyd 10545 Hwy. 62W • Princeton, Ky. 42445 www.westkentuckyhorsesales.com 270-365-7272 Let us talk to you about your truck needs.

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    It was won by “Cinch Buckle” owned by Maurice Hoffman, RMC Cor­ poration of St

    Equestrian Concierge Conditioner Horses-store.com It was won by “Cinch Buckle” owned by Maurice Hoffman, RMC Cor­ poration of St

    Hunter This writer read with regret of the resig­ nation of Jack Roddy as steer wrestling dir­ ector of the Rodeo Cowboys Asociation.

    While I do not rodeo on a full time basis and have been very lax at times regarding my responsibilities to the R.C.A.

    I do fully realize the importance of a good board of directors.

    The RCA has grown strong be­ cause we have had good directors in the past, and certrunly hope we will have in the future.

    Jack offered his services as a field man, or to help in any way to assist the associa­ tion in the future but he ‘explained his rea­ son to resign stemmed from the attitude of certain members. “Like a lot of other people around today,” remarked Roddv, “there’s an element in our business that find it too easy to criticize and condemn without offering a solution or help.

    They just let their mouths run without engaging their brruns, so to speak.” Roddy went on to say that this attitude was “getting to him” and rather than jour­ ney to fist city he was checking the bet.

    MaTk Schricker, Sutherlin, Ore., was ap­ pointed bv the board to fill out Roddy’s unexpired term.

    Schricker has been one of the top two­ event men in the sport of rodeo for the past seven years.

    He enters both calf roping and steer wrestling, was runner-up for the all­ around chflmpionship in 1967.

    Looking forward to seeing manv of you at the Wyoming High School Champion­ ship Rodeo.

    Cheyenne, Wyoming July 5, 6 and 7.

    Cattle Capital Rodeo, Alliance, Nebraska July 11, 12, 13, and Laramie, Wvoming July 10-14., Hank Mur Downs, Coates, Minn.

    July 20, 21, 27 and 28; Mc­ Cook.

    Nebraska at the Red Willow County Fair Julv 30 thru Aug 3; Wahoo, Nebraska August 8, 9, to.

    Drive Carefully. S.




    Injured Maxyne Peterson, Huron, S.

    D., secretary of the South Dakota Quarter· Horse Associ­ ation was seriously injured in an accident in­ volving a car in which she was a passenger, pulling a loaded two horse trailer which began to sway, causing the driver to lose control.

    She is recovering in S1.

    John’s Hospital, Huron, from 10 fractured ribs, a broken collarbone and a broken shoulder.

    They were enroute to a Quarter Horse Show held at Kennebec, S.


    On May 31 when the accident occurred. F” … 2& Voice of the North ••• (Continued from page 2) had never before entered, to get a chance at the prize.

    It was won by “Cinch Buckle” owned by Maurice Hoffman, RMC Cor­ poration of St.

    Onge, South Dakota.

    News from Wally Thiel, Aberdeen, in­ forms us that son Jay flew to Baltimore, Maryland, and will be on the toad all sum­ mer with Jerry Cotham of Tennessee, a young man who hauls other peoples’ halter and pleasure horses.

    Some of the horses they are hauling are: Frosty Bonanza, Mr.

    Scat Man, Miss Sun Oil and Dandy Bar Riker.

    This is surely an experience that Jay will enjoy very much.

    Son, Mark showed Brenda Del Roco to GCM at Sheyenne, N.D., placed in Jr.

    Pleasure and won the Novice Cutting with Rocky’s Maka.


    Honey Babe was GCS and placed in Rein­ ing.Brenda Del Roco was also GCM at Hazen, N.

    D., placed in Jr.

    Pleasure and won the Youth All around.

    Son, Brian is home for the summer and will go to State and work on Masters degree in ‘animal sci­ ence next fall.

    Brian and Mark will be able to work six outside horses at a time this sum­ mer for anyone who is i:nterested.

    Dick & Janet Stevens won top yearling stud at both Sheyenne and New Rochford, North DaKota.

    MINNESOTA ASSOCIATION NEWS by Dawn Anderson Pat Trebesch announced that the Brown County Fair Open Show to be held Aug. 17 in New Ulm, will offer $35 first place monies to winners in a wide variety of class­ es, including QH Pleasure, 1/z- and li4-mile races, reining, barrels and poles.

    Contact him at New Ulm for entry blanks.

    The Lezlie Fingers have a poppin’ good stud colt by their stallion, Johnny Starlight and out of their yoll’fig mare Minnie Ray.

    Lezlie says the colt is “pleasure class” marked with four socks, a star and a strip! They have a two-year-old filly in training who is out of Crooked Star and by Red Robertson’s stud “Sue’s Johnny!’ Their place is aptly named the L.D.F.

    Ranch, and you’ll find the place by taking old No. 4 south of St.

    James, go past Duke’s on Long Lake, over an old red bridge, and they are the second place on the right.

    A new feminine member has joined the ranks of Minnesota’s professional trainers in the person of Kathy Nichols.

    She comes to Minnesota after four years of successful RCA contesting in Ladies’ and Girls’ Bar­ rel Racing in Nevada, Arizona, New Mex­ ico and Southern California.

    Kathy bought her present barrel horse, Bar Lighter, by Lee Bar by Three Bars, right off the track and has provided all his training.

    Kathy 11 specializes in training both horses and riders in Youth Activity barrel racing, pole bend­ ing and western equitation.

    She will contin­ ue to contest in upper Midwest rodeos.

    She WIll be training at Don Flatten’s South Fork Farm outSide of Houston, Minnesota.

    New member Marlyse Stapleton, Manka­ to, has a QH jumper, One Ton Tony.

    In California.

    She is trying to get him shipped to Minnesota and would appreciate any information someone may have regarding an open spot in a trailer coming back from the west.

    Dennis Merrill of Esko has a colt out of his mare, Miss Decorations and by Paulo King.

    Neil LilIegaard of Embarrass sold two /,-” broodmares this winter.

    His mare, Sparky'”, Lisa was bred to Diamond Britches for a ‘ ’69 foal. .

    August Koenen of Clara City reports two new foals, a filly and a stud, out of his own mares and by Locust King.

    Dorothy Mallette of Willmar purchased a bay filly from Mary Anne Parris of Lub­ bock, TeJi.as.

    This two-year-old is out of a Poco Pine mare and sired by Lucky Bar.

    The Lowell Oellien’s of Madison have a new stud colt out of their mare Jane’s Poco and sired by Poco’s Holiday.

    They plan to show him this summer. Arnold and Helen Miller’s colt crop for 1968 is complete now with the arrival of a dun.

    Filly out of Ismay Sue and by Kim’s Chance.

    The Norman Helmers of Faribault are most pleased with their colorful filly by Our Goldie.

    She has a strip’ in her face, two high hind socks and is sorrel.

    She is sired by Hank Snip.

    SASKATCHEWAN QH NEWS Kay Meston Neil Robbins, Laura, writes that he at­ tended the Quarter Horse Show and Rodeo at Fort Worth and went to the QH races at Sunland Park near El Paso. “. . .

    Thad been to Ft.

    Worth last year but this was the first time at the races and I enjoyed them very much.

    I got a big kick out of winning a little money on a colt that’s bred the same way as a filly I purchased last fall.

    They’re both Top Deck breeding and it gives me hopes for her.” Grant MeLeod of Tompkins purchased a two-year-old filly from H.


    Pedersen, Swift Current.

    She is by Baldy Leo San.

    Mc­ Leod later returned for the stallion.

    Bruce Countryman, who trains for the H.

    Pedersens, was visited by Joe Varjassy on his way home to Langbank with a yyarling stallion bought from Wayne Beus, Cut bank, Mont.

    The colt sired by Good.

    He al­ so got the mare Kappy King from Marvel Vindeg, Saskatoon. Korkow QH Dispersal •• ” News from MON-DAK Area 93 head $20,650 Ave. $ 222.00 The roping steers at the Vern and Fern 4tl mares 12,2U5 Ave. $ 255.00 Goldsberry Ranch, Sidney, Montana, will 3 stalltons 3,340 Ave. $1,114.00 have a lIttle leisure time for awhile, as 26 geldings 6,070 Ave. $ 234.00 Marc Patton of Black Butte Ranch, Gate­ 16 fIllIes 3,195 Ave. $ 197.00 way, Mont., visited there and when he de­ AuctlOneers: Darold Mentzer, Dick Payne.

    Parted he took with his two of Vern’s rope In rapid fIre bidding at the Ervin Korkow norses.

    Both sold in the four figure brack­ Dispersal Sale held May 25 at Huron, S.D.


    Good horses! Vern can sell the very horses were sold to seven states.

    This sale best, as he has been buying the best.

    Al­ was well organized and moved smoothly.

    Though Vern & Fern have been in the Some of the mares sold way below the Quarter Horse business for many years arId money because their colts at Side were un­ have top horses, they still travel around eligible for registration Without a blood test the country buying top horses to mate and because of the change of stallions during the match their own stock.

    Recently they aDded pasture breeding season.

    Some grade horses several excellent broodmares to an already were also sold and included in these aver­ sizeable band.

    These will probably be bred ages, which make them lower.

    The bidders to their Wisecamp bred stallion “Skip Com­ agreed that this was one of the better work­ et” 171,385 and perhaps some of his ’68 ing hores dispersal sales held in the mid­ colts will be offered for sale this fall where west.

    The top selling stallion, Anchor K buyers can benefit by buying a top colt to Punk, a top reining horse, sold for $1500 improve their own horse business.

    And went to Duke Carlson, Huron, S.D.

    A Pete Mitchell of the Trotters, N.D.

    Area well’5roke gelding sold for $485 and Wac” -and an avid Quarter Horse breeder, just re­ purchased,by Nancy Jean Korkow of Huron.

    Turned from Canada where he was looking A Babe Cody mare ,was purchased by Jim for Sutton of Agar for $400.; andther Poco bred Don Stearns, Bowman, N.D., is very mare to Alden Nehring, Ray, N.D.

    For $400.

    Pleased with his 1968 colt crop and has al­ Quantity buyer was, Church Farms, Center­ ready set the date for his 4th annual Ranch view, Mo.

    Sale advertised and managed Production Sale: Wednesday, Sept. 18.

    He by Quarter & Light Horse Digest.

    Now has 50 colts on the ground.

    Northwest N.



    Had 3 registered horse sales the past month: Mon-Dak sale, Schnell’s Dickinson sale and one at Minot Sale Results •.• Livestock Auction.

    Demand for top horses Mon-Dak Quarter Horse Sale at Williston, was good in all the sales.



    Shows an average of $290 on 3,5 Ed Sundby, Williston, has been doing head of horses sold.

    High selling horse was well with his Roman riding act.

    He is only a 1965 gelding consigned by Alvin Gabbert, 15, has done all his OWn training and has Lefor, N.D., which sold for $650 to the been performing at !rodeos in the area.

    Running M Ranch of Canada.

    Running M Gary Graham, Ross, N.D.

    Has been busy also purchased several more horses.

    Training horses, riding bulls and also rodeo The ten high selling horses averaged clowning.

    Gary sold the high selling Ap­ $450 while 15 yearlings averaged $218 and paloosa in the Dickinson sale. 20 2-year-olds and older averaged $381.

    A Alden Nehring, Ray, N.

    D., and his wife, large, fast bidding crowd was on hand.

    At the Mon-Dak Show held the next day, traveled to Huron and attended the Ervin Mr.

    Lobo McCue owned by Alvin Gabbert Korkow Dispersal Sale.

    On the way they was GCS, while Good 2, owned by Robert stopped at Wally Thiel’s in Aberdeen to purchased a 1961 Leininger, Westby, Mont., was RCS.

    GCM drop off a mare.

    She is by Poco was Wachter Gal 22 owned by Wachter mare at the Korkow Ranch, Bismarck, and Miss ,Bar Edie 1, Tomahawk 63,945.

    Owned by Bonnie Taylor, Kindred, N.


    Was Reserve mare.


    Don Bar, owned by Barb Taylor, Kindred, was RCG while Colonel Monte, QH Assn.

    Sweepstakes ….

    Owned by Jerry Boren, Bismarck was GCG.

    The Land of Linooln Quarter Horse As­ All-Around Youth trophy won by Denise sociation is putting on the Land of Lincoln Trauger, Menoken, N.


    Reining, Barrel Racing and Pleasure Sweep­ SDQHA SALE, RAPID CITY stakes which will be open to the world and Sale May 4, found most active bidding has an estimated purse of $40,000.

    This on good quality broke geldings and mares, event is to be held at Pheasant Run Lodge, prices from $400 to near $500.

    Top selling St.

    Charles, TIlinois on September 20 and yearling stallion was an entry consigned by 21, 1968.

    If you are interested, please con­ Herman Pyle, Martin, South Dakota which tact Jeanine Jekel, Secretary, Land of sold for $230. (Bargains of the sale were Lincoln Quarter Horse Association, Box 71, mares in foal.) There was an overflowing Lake Zurich, Illinois 60047.

    Crowd in attendance. 12

    Read more about It was won by “Cinch Buckle” owned by Maurice Hoffman, RMC Cor­ poration of St:

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    BRIDLING SAFETY A) Keep your head in the clear when bridling the horse.

    He may throw his head or strike to avoid the bridle.

    Avoid bridling a nervous animal in close quarters.

    After buckling the throat latch always place the loose end of the strap through the keeper on the buckle. III.


    CONTROL YOUR HORSE SAFELY A) Keep your horse under control and maintain a secure seat at all times.

    Horses are easily frightened by unusual objects and noises.

    Anticipate these and steady your horse.

    B) When your horse is frightened and attempts to run, turn him in a circle and tighten the circle until he stops.

    C) If your horse is frightened by an obstacle, steady him; give him time to overcome his fear.

    Then ride by the obstacle.

    Do not punish him.

    D) When your horse is too full of steam, work him on a long line a few minutes before riding. 2.

    SADDLING SAFETY A) In using a double rigged saddle – remember, saddle front cinch first, rear cinch last; but when unsaddling a horse, be sure to unbuckle the rear cinch first.

    Failing to do so can “spook” your horse and cause a bad accident.

    B) When saddling be careful to keep cinch ring from striking the off knee.

    C) Adjust the saddle carefully and the cinch tight enough so it will not turn when you mount.

    Lead the horse a few steps before mounting.

    D) In addition to safely putting equipment on your horse it must be kept in good repair.

    Keep bridle reins, stirrup leathers, and cinch straps in the best possible condition, as your safety depends on these straps.

    Replace any strap when it begins to show signs of wear. 2.

    RIDING YOUR HORSE SAFELY A) Ride with your weight at the balls of your feet so you can free your feet from the stirrups if your horse should happen to fall.

    B) Hold your mount to a walk when going up or down hill.

    C) When riding in groups, keep a horse-length between animals, and be alert for overhead tree branches.

    D) Reduce speed when riding rough ground or in sand mud, ice, or snow, where there is danger of the mount falling or slipping.

    E) Avoid paved roads or streets.

    Slow your mount to a walk when crossing such roads.

    If he is a spirited young horse, dismount and lead him across.

    F) Don’t forget you are doing the driving.

    Keep away from obstacles where you or the horse may get hurt.

    G) Travel single file and on the right side of the road.

    H) On long rides, dismount and lead for five minutes each hour.

    I) Walk the horse to and from the stable.

    This keeps him from running home and refusing to leave the stable. 3.

    MOUNTING SAFETY A) Stand with your feet well back in the clear and reach forward when saddling the mount.

    B) Swing the saddle into position easily-not suddenly.

    Dropping the saddle down quickly or hard may scare the horse.

    C) Soon after starting the ride, dismount and again tighten the saddle girth.

    Horses often swell up when first saddled, and failure to tighten girths later can result in serious accidents.

    D) Never mount the horse in a small barn, near fences, trees, or over-hanging projections.

    Side-stepping mounts have injured riders who failed to take these precautions. December 1989 SAFETY RULES AND PRECAUTIONS Page 51 IV.

    SHOWING THE HORSE WITH SAFETY AND COURTESY A) Don’t try to show a green horse.

    Teach the horse at home, and not in the show ring.

    B) Avoid letting the horse kick when close to other horses.

    Space horses when possible.

    C) Keep calm, confident and collected.

    Remember that the nervous showman creates an unfavorable impression.

    D) Carefully and courteously follow the instructions of the judge and the ringmaster.

    E) Be cautious and respect the rights of other exhibitors.

    F) Be a good sport: win without bragging and lose without complaining. — December 1989 GLOSSARY Action: How a horse moves its feet and legs as at walk, trot, etc.

    Aids: The legs, hands, weight, and voice, as used in controlling a horse.

    Alter: To castrate a horse, to geld.

    Amble: A slow, easy pace.

    The front and rear feet on a side move in unison.

    Appaloosa: A breed of horses characterized by leopard-spot markings.

    Developed by the Nez Perce Indians.

    Appointments: That equipment and clothing used in showing.

    Astringent: Drugs that cause contraction of infected areas, such as tannic acid, alum, and zinc oxide or sulphate.

    Back: To step a horse backward.

    Bandy Legs: a horse pigeon-toed on his hind feet with the points of his hocks turned outward.

    Banged tail: Hair of tail cut below the dock or bony part of the tail.

    Barren mare: a mare that is not in foal.

    Bearing rein: Neck rein – rein pushed against neck in direction of turn.

    Bight of the reins: The part of the reins passing between thumb and fingers and out the top of the hand.

    Bitting rig: a combination of bridle, harness pad and crupper.

    Used to teach horse to flex at the poll.

    Black points: Mane, tail, and legs black or darker than rest of horse.

    Blemish: Any mark or deformity that diminishes the beauty but does not affect usefulness.

    Bloom: Usually refers to hair that is clean and glossy, denoting a healthy appearance.

    Bosal: That part of hackamore that fits over the nose.

    Brand: A mark of identification.

    A private registered mark burned (in cheek, shoulder, or hip.

    A number burned on upper neck as in army horses.

    Temporary brands are made by burning a number on the hoof, or painting a mark on the skin with silver nitrate.

    Brands are now tattooed on inside of upper lip to avoid disfiguring body.

    Broom tail: A western range horse; a poor, ill-kept horse of uncertain breed.

    Buck kneed: knees bent forward.

    Bugeyed: Eye protruding; horse usually cannot see well Calf kneed: opposite of buck-kneed.

    Knees bent backward.

    Canter: The Canterbury gallop.

    A three-beat gait, a moderate, easy, collected gallop.

    Cantle: The back of a saddle.

    Cannon: The lower leg bone below knee and below hock.

    Castration: Removal of testicles from a male.

    A castrated male horse is a gelding.

    Cavesson: A noseband on a bridle.

    A stiff noseband on a halter used with longer strap in training.

    Cavy: A collection of horses.

    Cayuse: A general term used to describe a horse of nondescript breeding.

    Center fire: A western saddle with cinch hung from center.

    Chaps; chaparajos: Seatless overalls made of leather, sometimes fur covered, for protection when riding in brush or for protection from cold.

    Also spelled chaparreras, chapareros.

    Chestnuts: The horny growths on inside of horse’s leg; also called night eyes.

    Cinch; cincha: A wide cord girth used on western saddles.

    Chukker: A seven-and-one-half-minute period in a polo game. (From Hindu meaning a circle”).

    Coarse: Lacking refinement, rough, harsh appearance.

    Cob: A stylish, high-actioned horse used for driving and riding.

    Cold-blooded: A horse with ancestry from the draft breeds.

    Collected: Controlled gait; a correct coordinated action.

    Colt: A male foal.combination horse: One used for saddle and driving.

    Conformation: Structure, form, and symmetrical arrangement of parts as applied to a horse.

    Congenital: An abnormal condition that an animal possesses at birth, such as hernia. GLOSSARY Page 53 Coon Footed: Long, sloping pasterns throwing fetlocks low.

    Corona: Saddle pad cut to fit shape of saddle; has a large colorful roll around edge.

    Coupling: Region of the lumbar vertebrae, loin, or space between last rib and hip.

    Cow-hocked: Hocks close together, feet wide apart.

    Crest: Upper, curved part of neck, peculiar to stallions.

    Cribbing: Biting or setting teeth against manger or some other object while sucking air.

    Criollo: A breed of South American horses; a small, sturdy horse used as a cow pony.

    Cross: A dark stripe across the shoulders.

    Cross reins: Method of holding single reins where reins overlap in hands across horse’s neck.

    Croup: Part of the back just in front of base of tail.

    Crow hops: Mild bucking motions.

    Dam: The female parent of a horse.

    Defect: Any mark or blemish that impairs usefulness: unsoundness.

    Docked: Bones of the tail cut in shortening the tail.

    Dressage: Advanced exercises and training in horsemanship.

    Dropped sole: Downward rotation of toe of coffin bone inside hoof due to chronic founder or laminitis.

    Entire: A stallion.

    Equine: of or pertaining to a horse.

    Equitation: art of riding horseback, horsemanship.

    Ergot: A horny growth behind fetlock joint.

    Ewe-necked: Top profile of neck concave like a female sheep’s neck.

    Farrier: A horse shoer.

    Far side: The right side of a horse.

    Favor: To favor: to limp slightly.

    Fenders: The wide pieces of leather along the stirrup leathers.

    Feral: A wild horse.

    Has escaped from domestication and become wild, as contrasted to one originating in the wild. Fiadore: A special knot on hackamore, exerts pressure at rear of jaws.

    Filly: A female foal up to 3 years.

    Five-gaited: a saddle horse trained to perform in five gaits namely the walk, trot, canter, slow gait, and rack.

    Flame: A few white hairs in center of forehead.

    Flat-foot: When the angle of the foot is noticeably less than 45 degrees.

    Flat race: A race without jumps.

    Floating: Filing of rough, irregular teeth to give a smoother grinding surface.

    Foal: Colt or filly under one year old.

    Forefooting: Roping an animal by the forefeet.

    Forehand: The fore part of a horse; the forelegs, head, and shoulders.

    Founder: Inflammation of the feet causing lameness.

    Fox trot: A short-step gait, as when passing from walk to trot.

    Gaits: The manner of going.

    The straight gaits are walk, trot, canter, and gallop.

    Five-gaited horses walk, trot, canter, rack and do one of the slow gaits: Running walk, fox trot, or stepping pace.

    Gallop: A three-beat gait resembling the canter but faster, 12 miles per hour.

    The extended gallop may be a four-beat gait and is about 16 miles per hour.

    Gaskin: The muscular part of the hind leg above the hock.

    Geld: To geld: to cut or castrate a horse.

    Gelding: An altered or castrated horse.

    Gestation period: The length of time for the development of the foal from time of breeding, usually about 11 months.

    Get: The progeny of a stallion.

    Girth: The measure of the circumference of a horse’s body back of the withers.

    A leather, canvas, or corded piece around body of horse to hold saddle on.

    Glass eye: Blue or whitish eye.

    Goose-rumped: Having narrow, drooping rump.

    Go short: To take short steps, indicative of lameness. December 1989 GLOSSARY Page 54 Green horse: One with little training.

    Groom: To groom a horse is to clean and brush him.

    Groom also refers to person who does this.

    Gymkhana: A program of games on horseback.

    Hack: A horse ridden to a hunt meet.

    A pleasure riding horse.

    Hackamore: A bitless bridle of various designs used in breaking and training. (From Spanish word Jaquima).

    Hand: A measure of the height of horses: a hand’s breadth equals 4 inches.

    Haw: A third eyelid or membrane in front of eye which removes foreign bodies from the eye.

    Head shy: Applied to a horse that is sensitive about the head: jerks away when touched.

    Head stall: The leather bridle straps exclusive of bit and reins.

    Herd bound: A horse who refuses to leave a group of other horses.

    High school: Advanced training and exercise of the horse.

    Hobble: Straps fastened to the front legs of a horse to prevent him from straying from camp.

    Hogged: Short-cut mane.

    Hoof: The foot as a whole in horses.

    The curved covering of horn over the foot.

    Honda: A ring of rope, rawhide, or metal on a lasso through which the loop slides.

    Horse: General term for an animal of the horse kind.

    Horse length: Eight feet; distance between horses in a column.

    Horsemanship: Art of riding the horse and of understanding his needs.

    Jack: A male donkey or ass.

    Jaquima: Spanish bridle: a hackamore.

    Jockey: The leather flaps on the side of a saddle.

    Laminae: The horny-grooved inside of the hoof.

    Lariat: From Spanish, la reata, meaning “the rope”.

    A rope, often of rawhide, with running noose, used for catching cattle.

    Lead: The first stride in the canter. Lead strap: A strap or rope attached to the halter for leading.

    Light horse: Any horse used primarily for riding or driving: all breeds except draft breeds.

    Longe: A strap, rein, or rope about 30 feet long, attached to halter or cavesson, used in breaking and training.

    Mare: A mature female horse.

    Martingale: A strap running from the girth between front legs to the bridle.

    The standing martingale is attached to the bit.

    The running martingale has rings through which the reins pass.

    Maverick: An unbranded stray.

    Mecate: a hackamore lead rope.

    Mellow hide: Soft, pliable, and easy to handle.

    Mule: A cross between a jack and a mare.

    Near side: The left side of a horse.

    Neat’s-foot: An oil made from suet, feet, and bones of cattle, used for softening leather.

    Off side: The right side.

    Open behind: Hocks far apart, feet close together.

    Orloff: A breed of Russian trotting horses.

    Outfit: The equipment of rancher or horseman.

    Outlaw: A horse that cannot be broken.

    Palatable: Agreeable and pleasing to the taste.

    Passenger: One who rides a horse without control, letting the horse go as he wishes.

    Pathological: A diseased condition.

    Paunchy: Too much belly.

    Pony: A horse under 14.2 hands.

    Pointing: Standing with front leg extended more than normal – a sign of lameness.

    Poll: The top of a horse’s head just back of the ears.

    Polochain: A chin chain of flat, large links.

    Port: The part of the mouthpiece of a bit curving up over the tongue.

    Posting: The rising and descending of a rider with the rhythm of the trot.

    Pounding: Striking the ground hard in the stride. December 1989 GLOSSARY

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    MUSIR (06c, Encosta de Lago, Mill Reef), Greyville Golden Horseshoe S

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    REDOUTE’S CHOICE entered stud in Australia in 2000.

    He has served small numbers of mares to northern time in Australia since 2007.

    Champion Australian Sire in 2005/06, 2009/10, second in 2008/09, third in 2004/05, 2006/07.

    Champion Australian Sire of 2YOs in 2004/05, 2005/06.

    PROGENY PERFORMANCE NAMED FOALS RUNNERS WINNERS WINS STAKESWINNERS (Group 1 Winners) STAKES WINS 903 664 502 1280 73 (20) 152 MATCH-MAKING WITH REDOUTE’S CHOICE The hallmark of a truly outstanding sire is his capacity to leave top performers out of mares from diverse genetic backgrounds and REDOUTE’S CHOICE certainly does that.

    His SW/foals ratio from mares by SIR TRISTRAM and his sons runs at a remarkable 14.5%.

    G1 winners bred this way are Samantha Miss (dam by ZABEEL), Lotteria (SIR TRISTRAM), Allez Wonder (MILITARY PLUME) and Melito (MARAUDING).


    An emerging trend for REDOUTE’S CHOICE is his affinity with mares by ENCOSTA DE LAGO.

    The combination has produced only 7 foals, but three of these are SWs, including G1 performers Musir and Beneteau.

    Mares by sons of NIJINSKY have proved an excellent match for REDOUTE’S CHOICE, yielding G1 winners Cheeky Choice and Anamato from 22 foals bred on this pattern.

    Suggested NIJINSKY-line broodmare sires include STRAWBERRY ROAD, ROYAL ACADEMY and BEL ESPRIT.

    A sire whose daughters have a 20% SWs/foals ratio with REDOUTE’S CHOICE is LAST TYCOON – his sire TRY MY BEST is closely related to REDOUTE‘S CHOICE.

    This nick has produced 6 SWs, including G1 winner Dariana.

    Another relative of REDOUTE’S CHOICE is EL GRAN SENOR whose only daughter to visit him has left G1 winner REDOUTE’S DANCER.

    Other broodmare sires from the BEST IN SHOW family include HURRICANE SKY, UMATILLA and SPINNING WORLD (sire of THORN PARK).

    Champion New Zealand sire O’REILLY, by LAST TYCOON, should also prove highly compatible.

    Another highly effective, but under-utilised cross for REDOUTE’S CHOICE is with mares by KENMARE and his sons.

    From 12 foals this nick has produced five SWs among 10 winners.


    Mares from the MR.

    PROSPECTOR sireline have produced more than a dozen stakes performers to REDOUTE’S CHOICE including Champion Filly Miss Finland (dam by WOODMAN) and G1 winner Gallica (dam by KINGMAMBO).

    Other MR.


    REDOUTE’S CHOICE has worked well from a very limited opportunity with mares by STAR WAY or his son SKY CHASE.

    The score so far is 3 SW, including G1 winners God’s Own and Empires Choice. REDOUTE’S CHOICE is the sire of 20 G1 winners of 30 G1 races: MISS FINLAND (03f, Woodman, Sadler’s Wells), STC Golden Slipper S.

    G1, VRC Oaks G1, VRC Australian Guineas G1, MRC Thousand Guineas G1, STC Arrowfield Stud S.


    SAMANTHA MISS (05f, Zabeel , Bold Venture), Top filly on 2008-09 Australasian 3YO Classification, VRC Oaks G1, AJC Champagne S.

    G1, Flight S.


    STRATUM (02c, Luskin Star, Vain), Joint third on The 2005-06 Australasian 3YO Classification (sprint), STC Golden Slipper S.


    FASHIONS AFIELD (02f, Wild Again, Bletchingly), AJC Sires’ Produce S.

    G1, Flight S.


    SNITZEL (02c, Snippets, Storm Bird), Second on The 2005-06 Australasian 3YO Classification (sprint), MRC Oakleigh P.


    MELITO (06f, Marauding, Prince True), Head filly on 2009-10 Australasian 3YO Classification, AJC TJ Smith S.

    G1, Qld Tatt’s RC Winter S.

    G1. ARROWFIELD STALLIONS | 42 GALLICA (05f, Kingmambo, Dictus), Joint third filly on 2008-09 Australasian 3YO Classification, MRC Thousand Guineas G1, SAJC Schweppes Oaks G1.

    LOTTERIA (01f, Sir Tristram, Zamazaan), Second top filly on 2005-06 Australasian 4YO+ Classification, AJC Flight S.

    G1, VRC Empire Rose S.


    MUSIR (06c, Encosta de Lago, Mill Reef), Greyville Golden Horseshoe S.


    REDOUTE’S DANCER (03c, El Gran Senor, Condorcet), New Zealand Derby G1.

    NADEEM (03c, Sound Reason, Oncidium), MRC Blue Diamond S.


    GOD’S OWN (02c, Sky Chase, Showdown), MRC Caulfield Guineas G1.

    ABSOLUTELY (07f, Catrail, Pleasant Colony), ATC Australian Oaks G1.

    KING’S ROSE (07f, Nureyev, Manila), New Zealand One Thousand Guineas G1.

    ANAMATO (03f, Whiskey Road, Sovereign Edition).

    Third filly on the 2006-07 Australasian 3YO Classification, SAJC Australasian Oaks G1.

    DARIANA (06f, Last Tycoon, Busted), BRC Queensland Derby G1.

    ALLEZ WONDER (05f, Military Plume, Jungle Boy), MRC Toorak H.


    CHEEKY CHOICE (03f, Caerleon, Persian Bold), AJC Flight S.


    EMPIRES CHOICE (03c, Star Way, Sir Tristram), Queensland Derby G1.

    UNDOUBTEDLY (02c, Don’t Say Halo, Manihi), MRC Blue Diamond S.



    Champion Australian Sire-9 times.

    Sire of 347 SW, 89 G1 winners inc.

    In Australia: Redoute’s Choice, Flying Spur, Danzero, Fastnet Rock, Elvstroem, Danewin, Nothin’ Leica Dane, Exceed And Excel, Danasinga, Blackfriars, Ha Ha, Merlene, Arena & Dane Ripper; and in Europe: Rock of Gibraltar, Dylan Thomas, Duke of Marmalade, Danehill Dancer, Oratorio, Desert King, North Light, etc. RACE RECORD Champion 3YO Miler of Australasia, 1999/2000. 2nd Dam

    Read more about MUSIR (06c, Encosta de Lago, Mill Reef), Greyville Golden Horseshoe S:

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    Horses-Store.com and  MUSIR (06c, Encosta de Lago, Mill Reef), Greyville Golden Horseshoe S

    Horses-Store.com - MUSIR (06c, Encosta de Lago, Mill Reef), Greyville Golden Horseshoe S

    Horses-Store.com and  MUSIR (06c, Encosta de Lago, Mill Reef), Greyville Golden Horseshoe S

    Horses-Store.com - MUSIR (06c, Encosta de Lago, Mill Reef), Greyville Golden Horseshoe S

    Been roping calves with him a lot

    Max mini muffins (4pc in box) Horses-store.com Been roping calves with him a lot

    LOTS 269 & 270 – Captain & Morgan, a team of coming 3 year old grade palomino Belgian/Quarterhorse crossbred mare & gelding.

    Stand approx16.1 hands. ½ brother & sister.

    Mare is open.

    Very quiet and easy to catch.

    Can chip and load.

    Have been driven on rubber tire wagons.

    Driven for about 30 days.

    We live on the highway, but not traffic broke yet.

    Will make a great carriage team.

    Very willing to learn and very well matched. _______________________________________________________________________________________ LAVERN A.

    YODER, WI _______________________________________________________________________________________ MERT TOELLE, NE LOTS 271 & 272 – Belle & Beauty, a team of 10 & 11 year old black grade Morgan crossbred mares, Beauty has 3 white ankles, star, and snip.

    Stand approx15 hands.

    Full sisters.


    Broke to drive single and double.

    Also broke to ride.

    Used on people hauler in Milwaukee.

    A nice, quiet team. _______________________________________________________________________________________ WAVERLY MIDWEST HORSE SALE LOT 276 – Reba, a 6 year old grade Sorrel TobianoAPHA/Belgian crossbred mare.

    Stands approx 16 hands.

    Foaled April 30, 2005.


    Broke the very best.

    Been to town numerous times.

    Will drive single and double.

    Also broke to drive.

    Heavy built horse. _______________________________________________________________________________________ LOTS 277 & 278 – Molly & Megan, a team of 2 & 3 year old grade black Percheron/Mustang crossbred mares.

    Stand approx14 hands.


    This team of full sisters was born and raised on our farm.

    They are heavy boned, thick mares who have hauled many loads of manure.

    They are nice, handy, well-matched team, easy to reach, and easy to handle.

    Will do any work required on your yard.

    Will sell together. _______________________________________________________________________________________ ALTON GILMORE, MN LOT 275 – Rocky, a 6 year old grade Sorrel Tobiano APHA/Belgian crossbred gelding.

    Stands approx 16 hands.

    Foaled May 6, 2005.

    Broke the best.

    Will drive single and double.

    Been to town numerous times.

    Been roping calves with him a lot. _______________________________________________________________________________________ AMOS E.

    GINGERICH, MO LOTS 273 & 274 – Nip & Tuck, a team of 4 year old black grade ½ Percheron crossbred geldings, one has white sock.

    Stand approx16 – 16.1 hands.

    Broke single and double.

    Also broke to ride.

    Traffic broke.

    A nice, handy team. _______________________________________________________________________________________ AMOS E.


    GINGERICH, MO PAGE 57 Put Your Best Hoof Forward Clean and dry your horse at Premiere Auto Wash, Inc. And you can wash your truck while your there! • Large truck bay to pull your trailer in • Doors to close to stay out of the weather • Warm water • Hand held blow driers

    Read more about Been roping calves with him a lot:

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    Horses-Store.com - Been roping calves with him a lot

    Blaze : The first thing that presented itself to Sancho’s eyes was….

    Silver plated necklace with horse shoe Horses-store.comBlaze : The first thing that presented itself to Sancho’s eyes was….

    “Have done, thou glutton,” said Don Quixote; “come, let us go and witness this bridal, and see what the rejected Basilio does.” “Let him do what he likes,” returned Sancho; “be he not poor, he would marry Quiteria.

    To make a grand match for himself, and he without a farthing; is there nothing else? Faith, senor, it’s my opinion the poor man should be content with what he can get, and not go looking for dainties in the bottom of the sea.

    I will bet my arm that Camacho could bury Basilio in reals; and if that be so, as no doubt it is, what a fool Quiteria would be to refuse the fine dresses and jewels Camacho must have given her and will give her, and take Basilio’s bar-throwing and sword-play.

    They won’t give a pint of wine at the tavern for a good cast of the bar or a neat thrust of the sword.

    Talents and accomplishments that can’t be turned into money, let Count Dirlos have them; but when such gifts fall to one that has hard cash, I wish my condition of life was as becoming as they are.

    On a good foundation you can raise a good building, and the best foundation in the world is money.” “For God’s sake, Sancho,” said Don Quixote here, “stop that harangue; it is my belief, if thou wert allowed to continue all thou beginnest every instant, thou wouldst have no time left for eating or sleeping; for thou wouldst spend it all in talking.” “If your worship had a good memory,” replied Sancho, “you would remember the articles of our agreement before we started from home this last time; one of them was that I was to be let say all I liked, so long as it was not against my neighbour or your worship’s authority; and so far, it seems to me, I have not broken the said article.” “I remember no such article, Sancho,” said Don Quixote; “and even if it were so, I desire you to hold your tongue and come along; for the instruments we heard last night are already beginning to enliven the valleys again, and no doubt the marriage will take place in the cool of the morning, and not in the heat of the afternoon.” Sancho did as his master bade him, and putting the saddle on Rocinante and the pack-saddle on Dapple, they both mounted and at a leisurely pace entered the arcade.

    The first thing that presented itself to Sancho’s eyes was a whole ox spitted on a whole elm tree, and in the fire at which it was to be roasted there was burning a middling-sized mountain of faggots, and six stewpots that stood round the blaze had not been made in the ordinary mould of common pots, for they were six half wine-jars, each fit to hold the contents of a slaughter-house; they swallowed up whole sheep and hid them away in their insides without showing any more sign of them than if they were pigeons.

    Countless were the hares ready skinned and the plucked fowls that hung on the trees for burial in the pots, numberless the wildfowl and game of various sorts suspended from the branches that the air might keep them cool.

    Sancho counted more than sixty wine skins of over six gallons each, and all filled, as it proved afterwards, with generous wines.

    There were, besides, piles of the whitest bread, like the heaps of corn one sees on the threshing-floors.

    There was a wall made of cheeses arranged like open brick-work, and two cauldrons full of oil, bigger than those of a dyer’s shop, served for cooking fritters, which when fried were taken out with two mighty shovels, and plunged into another cauldron of prepared honey that stood close by.

    Of cooks and cook-maids there were over fifty, all clean, brisk, and blithe.

    In the capacious belly of the ox were a dozen soft little sucking-pigs, which, sewn up there, served to give it tenderness and flavour.

    The spices of different kinds did not seem to have been bought by the pound but by the quarter, and all lay open to view in a great chest.

    In short, all the preparations made for the wedding were in rustic style, but abundant enough to feed an army. Sancho observed all, contemplated all, and everything won his heart.

    The first to captivate and take his fancy were the pots, out of which he would have very gladly helped himself to a moderate pipkinful; then the wine skins secured his affections; and lastly, the produce of the frying-pans, if, indeed, such imposing cauldrons may be called frying-pans; and unable to control himself or bear it any longer, he approached one of the busy cooks and civilly but hungrily begged permission to soak a scrap of bread in one of the pots; to which the cook made answer, “Brother, this is not a day on which hunger is to have any sway, thanks to the rich Camacho; get down and look about for a ladle and skim off a hen or two, and much good may they do you.” “I don’t see one,” said Sancho. “Wait a bit,” said the cook; “sinner that I am! how particular and bashful you are!” and so saying, he seized a bucket and plunging it into one of the half jars took up three hens and a couple of geese, and said to Sancho, “Fall to, friend, and take the edge off your appetite with these skimmings until dinner-time comes.” “I have nothing to put them in,” said Sancho. “Well then,” said the cook, “take spoon and all; for Camacho’s wealth and happiness furnish everything.” While Sancho fared thus, Don Quixote was watching the entrance, at one end of the arcade, of some twelve peasants, all in holiday and gala dress, mounted on twelve beautiful mares with rich handsome field trappings and a number of little bells attached to their petrals, who, marshalled in regular order, ran not one but several courses over the meadow, with jubilant shouts and cries of “Long live Camacho and Quiteria! he as rich as she is fair; and she the fairest on earth!” Hearing this, Don Quixote said to himself, “It is easy to see these folk have never seen my Dulcinea del Toboso; for if they had they would be more moderate in their praises of this Quiteria of theirs.” — “Nay,” said Sancho, “the good governor should have a broken leg and keep at home;” it would be a nice thing if, after people had been at the trouble of coming to look for him on business, the governor were to be away in the forest enjoying himself; the government would go on badly in that fashion.

    By my faith, senor, hunting and amusements are more fit for idlers than for governors; what I intend to amuse myself with is playing all fours at Eastertime, and bowls on Sundays and holidays; for these huntings don’t suit my condition or agree with my conscience.” “God grant it may turn out so,” said the duke; “because it’s a long step from saying to doing.” “Be that as it may,” said Sancho, “‘pledges don’t distress a good payer,’ and ‘he whom God helps does better than he who gets up early,’ and ‘it’s the tripes that carry the feet and not the feet the tripes;’ I mean to say that if God gives me help and I do my duty honestly, no doubt I’ll govern better than a gerfalcon.

    Nay, let them only put a finger in my mouth, and they’ll see whether I can bite or not.” “The curse of God and all his saints upon thee, thou accursed Sancho!” exclaimed Don Quixote; “when will the day come- as I have often said to thee- when I shall hear thee make one single coherent, rational remark without proverbs? Pray, your highnesses, leave this fool alone, for he will grind your souls between, not to say two, but two thousand proverbs, dragged in as much in season, and as much to the purpose as- may God grant as much health to him, or to me if I want to listen to them!” “Sancho Panza’s proverbs,” said the duchess, “though more in number than the Greek Commander’s, are not therefore less to be esteemed for the conciseness of the maxims.

    For my own part, I can say they give me more pleasure than others that may be better brought in and more seasonably introduced.” In pleasant conversation of this sort they passed out of the tent into the wood, and the day was spent in visiting some of the posts and hiding-places, and then night closed in, not, however, as brilliantly or tranquilly as might have been expected at the season, for it was then midsummer; but bringing with it a kind of haze that greatly aided the project of the duke and duchess; and thus, as night began to fall, and a little after twilight set in, suddenly the whole wood on all four sides seemed to be on fire, and shortly after, here, there, on all sides, a vast number of trumpets and other military instruments were heard, as if several troops of cavalry were passing through the wood.

    The blaze of the fire and the noise of the warlike instruments almost blinded the eyes and deafened the ears of those that stood by, and indeed of all who were in the wood.

    Then there were heard repeated lelilies after the fashion of the Moors when they rush to battle; trumpets and clarions brayed, drums beat, fifes played, so unceasingly and so fast that he could not have had any senses who did not lose them with the confused din of so many instruments.

    The duke was astounded, the duchess amazed, Don Quixote wondering, Sancho Panza trembling, and indeed, even they who were aware of the cause were frightened.

    In their fear, silence fell upon them, and a postillion, in the guise of a demon, passed in front of them, blowing, in lieu of a bugle, a huge hollow horn that gave out a horrible hoarse note. “Ho there! brother courier,” cried the duke, “who are you? Where are you going? What troops are these that seem to be passing through the wood?” To which the courier replied in a harsh, discordant voice, “I am the devil; I am in search of Don Quixote of La Mancha; those who are coming this way are six troops of enchanters, who are bringing on a triumphal car the peerless Dulcinea del Toboso; she comes under enchantment, together with the gallant Frenchman Montesinos, to give instructions to Don Quixote as to how, she the said lady, may be disenchanted.” “If you were the devil, as you say and as your appearance indicates,” said the duke, “you would have known the said knight Don Quixote of La Mancha, for you have him here before you.” “By God and upon my conscience,” said the devil, “I never observed it, for my mind is occupied with so many different things that I was forgetting the main thing I came about.” “This demon must be an honest fellow and a good Christian,” said Sancho; “for if he wasn’t he wouldn’t swear by God and his conscience; I feel sure now there must be good souls even in hell itself.” Without dismounting, the demon then turned to Don Quixote and said, “The unfortunate but valiant knight Montesinos sends me to thee, the Knight of the Lions (would that I saw thee in their claws), bidding me tell thee to wait for him wherever I may find thee, as he brings with him her whom they call Dulcinea del Toboso, that he may show thee what is needful in order to disenchant her; and as I came for no more I need stay no longer; demons of my sort be with thee, and good angels with these gentles;” and so saying he blew his huge horn, turned about and went off without waiting for a reply from anyone. They all felt fresh wonder, but particularly Sancho and Don Quixote; Sancho to see how, in defiance of the truth, they would have it that Dulcinea was enchanted; Don Quixote because he could not feel sure whether what had happened to him in the cave of Montesinos was true or not; and as he was deep in these cogitations the duke said to him, “Do you mean to wait, Senor Don Quixote?” — CHAPTER LVIII ~ WHICH TELLS HOW ADVENTURES CAME CROWDING ON DON QUIXOTE IN SUCH NUMBERS THAT THEY GAVE ONE ANOTHER NO BREATHING-TIME When Don Quixote saw himself in open country, free, and relieved from the attentions of Altisidora, he felt at his ease, and in fresh spirits to take up the pursuit of chivalry once more; and turning to Sancho he said, “Freedom, Sancho, is one of the most precious gifts that heaven has bestowed upon men; no treasures that the earth holds buried or the sea conceals can compare with it; for freedom, as for honour, life may and should be ventured; and on the other hand, captivity is the greatest evil that can fall to the lot of man.

    I say this, Sancho, because thou hast seen the good cheer, the abundance we have enjoyed in this castle we are leaving; well then, amid those dainty banquets and snow-cooled beverages I felt as though I were undergoing the straits of hunger, because I did not enjoy them with the same freedom as if they had been mine own; for the sense of being under an obligation to return benefits and favours received is a restraint that checks the independence of the spirit.

    Happy he, to whom heaven has given a piece of bread for which he is not bound to give thanks to any but heaven itself!” “For all your worship says,” said Sancho, “it is not becoming that there should he no thanks on our part for two hundred gold crowns that the duke’s majordomo has given me in a little purse which I carry next my heart, like a warming plaster or comforter, to meet any chance calls; for we shan’t always find castles where they’ll entertain us; now and then we may light upon roadside inns where they’ll cudgel us.” In conversation of this sort the knight and squire errant were pursuing their journey, when, after they had gone a little more than half a league, they perceived some dozen men dressed like labourers stretched upon their cloaks on the grass of a green meadow eating their dinner.

    They had beside them what seemed to be white sheets concealing some objects under them, standing upright or lying flat, and arranged at intervals.

    Don Quixote approached the diners, and, saluting them courteously first, he asked them what it was those cloths covered. “Senor,” answered one of the party, “under these cloths are some images carved in relief intended for a retablo we are putting up in our village; we carry them covered up that they may not be soiled, and on our shoulders that they may not be broken.” “With your good leave,” said Don Quixote, “I should like to see them; for images that are carried so carefully no doubt must be fine ones.” “I should think they were!” said the other; “let the money they cost speak for that; for as a matter of fact there is not one of them that does not stand us in more than fifty ducats; and that your worship may judge; wait a moment, and you shall see with your own eyes;” and getting up from his dinner he went and uncovered the first image, which proved to be one of Saint George on horseback with a serpent writhing at his feet and the lance thrust down its throat with all that fierceness that is usually depicted.

    The whole group was one blaze of gold, as the saying is.

    On seeing it Don Quixote said, “That knight was one of the best knights-errant the army of heaven ever owned; he was called Don Saint George, and he was moreover a defender of maidens.

    Let us see this next one.” The man uncovered it, and it was seen to be that of Saint Martin on his horse, dividing his cloak with the beggar.

    The instant Don Quixote saw it he said, “This knight too was one of the Christian adventurers, but I believe he was generous rather than valiant, as thou mayest perceive, Sancho, by his dividing his cloak with the beggar and giving him half of it; no doubt it was winter at the time, for otherwise he would have given him the whole of it, so charitable was he.” “It was not that, most likely,” said Sancho, “but that he held with the proverb that says, ‘For giving and keeping there’s need of brains.'” Don Quixote laughed, and asked them to take off the next cloth, underneath which was seen the image of the patron saint of the Spains seated on horseback, his sword stained with blood, trampling on Moors and treading heads underfoot; and on seeing it Don Quixote exclaimed, “Ay, this is a knight, and of the squadrons of Christ! This one is called Don Saint James the Moorslayer, one of the bravest saints and knights the world ever had or heaven has now.” They then raised another cloth which it appeared covered Saint Paul falling from his horse, with all the details that are usually given in representations of his conversion.

    When Don Quixote saw it, rendered in such lifelike style that one would have said Christ was speaking and Paul answering, “This,” he said, “was in his time the greatest enemy that the Church of God our Lord had, and the greatest champion it will ever have; a knight-errant in life, a steadfast saint in death, an untiring labourer in the Lord’s vineyard, a teacher of the Gentiles, whose school was heaven, and whose instructor and master was Jesus Christ himself.” There were no more images, so Don Quixote bade them cover them up again, and said to those who had brought them, “I take it as a happy omen, brothers, to have seen what I have; for these saints and knights were of the same profession as myself, which is the calling of arms; only there is this difference between them and me, that they were saints, and fought with divine weapons, and I am a sinner and fight with human ones.

    They won heaven by force of arms, for heaven suffereth violence; and I, so far, know not what I have won by dint of my sufferings; but if my Dulcinea del Toboso were to be released from hers, perhaps with mended fortunes and a mind restored to itself I might direct my steps in a better path than I am following at present.” “May God hear and sin be deaf,” said Sancho to this. The men were filled with wonder, as well at the figure as at the words of Don Quixote, though they did not understand one half of what he meant by them.

    They finished their dinner, took their images on their backs, and bidding farewell to Don Quixote resumed their journey. Sancho was amazed afresh at the extent of his master’s knowledge, as much as if he had never known him, for it seemed to him that there was no story or event in the world that he had not at his fingers’ ends and fixed in his memory, and he said to him, “In truth, master mine, if this that has happened to us to-day is to be called an adventure, it has been one of the sweetest and pleasantest that have befallen us in the whole course of our travels; we have come out of it unbelaboured and undismayed, neither have we drawn sword nor have we smitten the earth with our bodies, nor have we been left famishing; blessed be God that he has let me see such a thing with my own eyes!”

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    Horses-Store.com and Blaze : The first thing that presented itself to Sancho's eyes was….

    Horses-Store.com - Blaze : The first thing that presented itself to Sancho's eyes was….

    Horses-Store.com and Blaze : The first thing that presented itself to Sancho's eyes was….

    Horses-Store.com - Blaze : The first thing that presented itself to Sancho's eyes was….

    The syringe barrels are packaged in units of four with one reusable plunger

    Guardian Stable Bedding - For the Horse Horses-store.com The syringe barrels are packaged in units of four with one reusable plunger

    TM DOSAGE: Marquis (ponazuril) is to be used at a dose of 5 mg/kg (2.27 mg/lb) body weight once daily for a period of 28 days.

    ADMINISTRATION: Paste syringe assembly: Before administration, the syringe barrel and plunger require assembly.

    Ensure plunger is clean and dry.

    Step 1.

    End cap must be on syringe barrel when inserting plunger. End Cap (15% w/w ponazuril) Caution: Federal (U.S.A.) Law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. For The Treatment Of Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis (EPM) In Horses For Oral Use Only DESCRIPTION: Marquis (15% w/w ponazuril) Antiprotozoal Oral Paste is supplied in ready-to-use syringes containing 127 grams of paste.

    Each gram of paste contains 150 mg of ponazuril (15% w/w).

    Marquis (ponazuril) is designed to be delivered as an orally administered paste.

    Each syringe barrel of Marquis (ponazuril) contains enough paste to treat one (1) 1,200 lb (544 kg) horse for seven (7) days, at a dose rate of 5 mg/kg (2.27 mg/lb) body weight.

    The plunger contains a dosage ring calibrated for a dose rate of 5 mg/kg (2.27 mg/lb) body weight and marked for horse weight from 600 to 1,200 lbs (272 to 544 kg).

    The syringe barrels are packaged in units of four with one reusable plunger.

    This package provides sufficient paste to treat one 1,200 lb (544 kg) horse for 28 days at a dose rate of 5 mg/kg (2.27 mg/lb) body weight.

    Ponazuril is an anticoccidial (antiprotozoal) compound with activity against several genera of the phylum Apicomplexa.

    CHEMICAL NOMENCLATURE AND STRUCTURE: Ponazuril 1,3,5Triazine-2,4,6(1H, 3H, 5H)-trione,1-methyl-3-[3-methyl-4-[4-[(trifluoromethyl) sulfonyl] phenoxy]phenyl]-(9CI) CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY: The activity of ponazuril has been demonstrated in several Apicomplexans1-6.

    Lindsay, Dubey and Kennedy7 showed that the concentration of ponazuril necessary to kill Sarcocystis neurona in vitro was 0.1 to 1.0 µg/mL.

    Furr and Kennedy8 evaluated the pharmacokinetics of ponazuril in serum and CSF in normal horses treated daily at 5 mg/kg for 28 days.

    The time to peak serum concentration (Tmax) was 18.20 (±5.9) days and the maximum serum concentration (Cmax) was 5.59 (±0.92) µg/mL.

    The terminal elimination half-life for serum (calculated using Day 28 to 42 data) was 4.50 (±0.57) days.

    In CSF, Tmax was 15.40 (±7.9) days and Cmax was 0.21 (±0.072) µg/mL.

    INDICATIONS: Marquis (ponazuril) is indicated for the treatment of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) caused by Sarcocystis neurona.

    EFFECTIVENESS SUMMARY: A field study was conducted at six sites with seven investigators across the United States9.

    The study was conducted using historical controls.

    In this study, each animal’s response to treatment was compared to its pre-treatment values.

    The following standardized neurologic scale was used to grade the horses: 0 – Normal, no deficit detected 1 – Deficit just detected at normal gait 2 – Deficit easily detected and is exaggerated by backing, turning, swaying, loin pressure or neck extension 3 – Deficit very prominent on walking, turning, loin pressure or neck extension 4 – Stumbling, tripping and falling down spontaneously 5 – Recumbent, unable to rise Improvement was defined as a decrease of at least one grade.

    Naturally-occurring clinical cases of EPM, characterized by signalment and laboratory diagnosis, were randomly allotted to one of two treatment doses (5 or 10 mg/kg/day for a period of 28 days), then evaluated for clinical changes through 118 days.

    Acceptance into the study was based on the results from a standardized neurological examination including radiography, serum S.

    Neurona IgG level determination by Western Blot (WB), and a positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for S.

    Neurona IgG level by WB.

    Response to treatment was determined by the investigator to be acceptable when a clinical improvement of at least one grade occurred by no later than 3 months after treatment, regardless of whether the CSF by WB was positive or negative.

    Changes in clinical condition were evaluated first by the subjective scoring of the investigator, then by masked assessment of videotapes of the neurological examination.

    At 5 mg/kg for 28 days, 28 of 47 horses (60%) improved at least one grade by Day 118.

    Seventy-five percent (75%) of those improved, that had also been videotaped, were corroborated successes by videotape assessment.

    At 10 mg/kg, 32 of 55 animals (58%) improved at least one grade by Day 118 and 56% of those improved, that had also been videotaped, were corroborated successes using videotape assessment.

    With respect to the clinical investigators’ scores there was no statistical difference between 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg treatment group results (p = 0.8867).

    WARNING: For use in animals only.

    Not for use in horses intended for food.

    Not for human use.

    Keep out of the reach of children.

    PRECAUTIONS: Prior to treatment, EPM should be distinguished from other diseases that may cause ataxia in horses.

    Injuries or lameness may also complicate the evaluation of an animal with EPM.

    In most instances, ataxia due to EPM is asymmetrical and affects the hind limbs.

    Clinicians should recognize that clearance of the parasite by ponazuril may not completely resolve the clinical signs attributed to the natural progression of the disease.

    The prognosis for animals treated for EPM may be dependent upon the severity of disease and the duration of the infection prior to treatment.

    The safe use of Marquis (ponazuril) in horses used for breeding purposes, during pregnancy, or in lactating mares, has not been evaluated.

    The safety of Marquis (ponazuril) with concomitant therapies in horses has not been evaluated.

    ADVERSE REACTIONS: In the field study, eight animals were noted to have unusual daily observations.

    Two horses exhibited blisters on the nose and mouth at some point in the field study, three animals showed a skin rash or hives for up to 18 days, one animal had loose stools throughout the treatment period, one had a mild colic on one day and one animal had a seizure while on medication.

    The association of these reactions to treatment was not established.

    ANIMAL SAFETY SUMMARY: Marquis (ponazuril) was administered to 24 adult horses (12 males and 12 females) in a target animal safety study.

    Three groups of 8 horses each received 0, 10, or 30 mg/kg (water as control, 2X and 6X for a 5 mg/kg [2.27 mg/lb] dose).

    Horses were dosed after feeding.

    One half of each group was treated for 28 days and the other half for 56 days followed by necropsy upon termination of treatment.

    There were several instances of loose feces in all animals in the study irrespective of treatment, sporadic inappetence and one horse at 10 mg/kg (2X) lost weight while on test.

    Loose feces were treatment related.

    Histopathological findings included moderate edema in the uterine epithelium of three of the four females in the 6X group (two treated for 28 days and one for 56 days).

    For a copy of the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or to report Adverse Reactions, call Bayer Customer Service at (800) 633-3796.

    Step 2.

    Carefully insert reusable plunger into base of syringe barrel until it snaps into place, then remove end cap and gently apply pressure to the plunger until paste is seen at the tip of the syringe barrel.

    Step 3.

    Return end cap to tip of paste syringe. Administering Marquis (ponazuril) to the horse: NOTE: The paste syringe is a multi-dose package.

    Ensure that the correct dose is administered with each use.

    Step 1.

    Remove end cap and gently apply pressure to the plunger until paste is seen at the tip of the syringe barrel.

    Return end cap to tip of paste syringe.

    Step 2.

    Determine weight of horse and ensure the horse’s mouth contains no feed.

    Step 3.

    To measure dose, dosage ring collar and barrel collar should be flush.

    Hold plunger and rotate dosage ring with the other hand to the weight of the horse.

    Step 4.

    Remove end cap from tip of syringe barrel.

    Step 5.

    The selected dose of paste should be deposited onto the back and top of the horse’s tongue.

    Introduce tip of paste syringe into the side of the horse’s mouth at the space between the front (incisor) and back (molar) teeth.

    Deposit paste on the horse’s tongue by depressing the plunger of the syringe as far as the dose ring permits.

    Remove tip of syringe from horse’s mouth.

    Step 6.

    To aid swallowing of paste, immediately raise horse’s head for a few seconds after dosing.

    Step 7.

    Clean the tip of the syringe with a clean disposable towel and return end cap to tip of syringe barrel.

    Step 8.

    For the next daily dose, repeat steps 1-7.

    NOTE: When the paste syringe barrel is empty, remove plunger for re-use and assembly with a new syringe barrel.

    When removed, the plunger may retain a seal from the empty paste syringe barrel.

    If this occurs, remove the seal before plunger is inserted into the base of the new paste syringe barrel.

    At the end of the prescribed treatment period, partially used syringes should be discarded.

    STORAGE: Store at Controlled Room Temperature 15-30º C (59-86º F).

    HOW SUPPLIED: Code: 045799 Carton contains four (4) x 127 gram syringe applicators and one (1) reusable syringe plunger REFERENCES: 1.

    Mehlhorn, H., Ortmann-Falkenstein, G., Haberkorn, A.: (1984) The effects of the sym.

    Trianzinons on developmental stages of Eimeria tenella, E.

    Maxima and E.

    Acervulina: a light and electron microscopical study.

    Zeitschr Parsitenk 70: 173-182. 2.

    Bohrmann, R.: (1991) Treatment with toltrazuril in a natural outbreak of coccidiosis in calves.



    Wschr. 98: 343-345. 3.

    Stafford, K.J., West, D.M., Vermunt, J.J., Pomroy, W., Adlington, B.A., Calder, S.M.: (1994) The effect of repeated doses of toltrazuril on coccidial oocyst output and weight gain in infected lambs.

    NZ Vet J 42(3): 117-119. 4.

    Haberkorn, A.G., Stoltefuss, D.I.J.: (1987) Studies on the activity spectrum of toltrazuril, a new anti-coccidial compound.



    Review 1: 22-32. 5.

    Koudela, B., Vodstricilova, M., Klimes, B., Vladik, P., Vitovec, J.: (1991) Application of the anticoccidiosis drug Toltrazuril in the coccidiosis of neonatal pigs.

    Veterinami medicina (Praha) 36: 657-663. 6.

    Benoit, E., Buronfosse, T., Delatour, P.: (1994) Effect of Cytochrome P-450 1A induction on enantioselective metabolism and pharmacokinetics of an aryltrifluoromethyl sulfide in the rat.

    Chirality 6(5): 372-377. 7.

    Lindsay, D.S., Dubey, J.P., Kennedy, T.J.: (2000) Determination of the activity of ponazuril against Sarcocystis neurona in cell cultures.

    Vet Parasit 92: 165-169. 8.

    Furr, M., Kennedy, T.: Pharmacokinetics of ponazuril in horses.

    Study 150-717 Bayer Corporation. 9.

    Furr, M., Andrews, F., MacKay, R., Reed, S., Bernard, W., Bain, F., Byars, D., Kennedy, T.: Treatment of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) with various doses of ponazuril.

    Study Report 150-664 Bayer Corporation.


    Patent No. 5,883,095 Manufactured by Bayer Corporation, Agriculture Division, Animal Health, Shawnee Mission, Kansas 66201 U.S.A.

    NADA #141-188, Approved by FDA 79004570, R.1 July, 2001 Marquis Antiprotozoal Oral Paste ® (15% w/w ponazuril) T H E F I R S T A P P R O V E D T R E AT M E N T F O R E P M . www.EPMnews.com © 2002 Bayer Corporation 9 10

    Read more about The syringe barrels are packaged in units of four with one reusable plunger:

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    Horses-Store.com and  The syringe barrels are packaged in units of four with one reusable plunger

    Horses-Store.com - The syringe barrels are packaged in units of four with one reusable plunger

    Horses-Store.com and  The syringe barrels are packaged in units of four with one reusable plunger

    Horses-Store.com - The syringe barrels are packaged in units of four with one reusable plunger

    Saddle Horse : junior Q Where did the Connemara originate A Ireland county….

    Guardian Premium Pine Shavings Horses-store.comSaddle Horse : junior Q Where did the Connemara originate A Ireland county….

    (junior) HH56/HIH158-1/TH32 Q: Which breed was depicted in cave drawings in Europe & China over 2000 years ago? A: Appaloosa (junior) Q: What breed has its’ headquarters in Moscow, Idaho? A: Appaloosa (junior) Q: Where did the Arabian horse originate? A: Arabia (junior) Q: What color skin does the Arabian always have? A: Dark (junior) Q: Where did the Clydesdale originate? A: Scotland (river Clyde area) (junior) Q: What is feathering? A: Long, silky hair on the lower legs TH68 HH56/HIH158-1 HH56/HIH150-1 HH56/HIH150-1 TH72 (junior) HH/TH/HIH,ETC.

    Q: Name two breeds of pony A: Shetland, Welsh, Connemara, POA, Quarter Pony, New Forest, Dale, American Sport Pony, Chincoteague, Dartmoore, Fell, Gotland, Hackney, etc. (junior) Q: Where did the Connemara originate? A: Ireland, (county Galway) TH65 (junior) TH70 Q: Which draft breed is famous for being used in multi-horse hitches – especially one advertising a brewery? A: Clydesdale (junior) TH59 Q: What are the colors of the Shetland Pony? A: All colors – solid & broken (junior) HH 58/HIH156-1 Q: Where did the American Saddle Horse originate? A: US (Virginia, Carolinas, Ohio, Missouri, Tennessee & specifically Kentucky) 3 Study Guide – Page 12 (junior) common knowledge Q: What breed of horse is always bay? A: Cleveland Bay (junior) Q: What is one of the primary uses of the Shetland Pony? A: Children’s mounts, harness ponies TH59 (junior) TH59 Q: What is a distinguishing characteristic of the Shetland Pony? A: Small size (junior) Q: Where did the Morgan originate? A: US – New England states HIH151-1 (junior) HH56 Q: Which breed was developed from small English & Dutch mine horses? A: Miniature Horse (junior) TH137 Q: What is the term for an individual horse whose parents are recorded in the same registry association? A: Purebred (junior) Q: What is a combination horse? A: One used for both riding & driving HH40 (junior) HH40 Q: What is the term for a horse ridden to a hunt meet? A: Hack (junior) HIH152-1 Q: Which breed nods the head in rhythm with his walk? A: Tennessee Walker (junior) HIH154-1 Q: What is the maximum height of the American Miniature Horse? A: 34 inches (junior) Q: Which breed excels in distance riding? A: Arabian HH65 (junior) HIH157-1 Q: Which breed is represented by the breed association known as the Jockey Club? A: Thoroughbred (junior) TH32,61/HIH158-1 Q: Mottled skin, striped hooves & sclera around the eye are all characteristics of which breed? A: Appaloosa OR POA (junior) TH61 Q: Which breed of pony is colored similar to an Appaloosa? A: POA (Pony of the Americas) — (easy) TH67 Q: What is the small pony breed from Argentina which is noted for excellent conformation and extremely small size? A: Falabella (easy) Q: Which draft breed is a descendent of the English Great Horse? A: Shire or Clydesdale (accept either) (easy) TH68 Q: Which draft breed is a descendent of the Great Horse of Flanders? A: Belgian TH 72 8 Study Guide – Page 17 (easy) Q: What is the main use of the Mammoth Jack? A: Crossbreeding with horses to produce mules (easy) TH29 Q: What is the term for a Standardbred that races with a diagonal gait? A: Trotter TH77 (easy) TH Q: Name a breed developed from the need for a comfortable, ground-covering, smooth-gaited riding & driving horse? A: American Saddle Horse, Tennessee Walking Horse, Missouri FoxTrotter (easy) HIH174-1 Q: Which breed is world famous because of their connection with the Spanish Riding School? A: Lippizan (Easy) Q: What is the predominant color of the Lippizan? A: Gray HIH174-1 (easy) TH61 Q: What is the most frequent color of the Welsh Mountain Pony? A: Gray (easy) TH28 At what age do Thoroughbred horses compete for the Triple Crown? Three 9 Study Guide – Page 18 COLORS & MARKINGS JUNIOR STUDY Junior (Junior) HIH140-2 Q: Describe the marking – bald face A: White over most of the flat surface of the face (often incl.

    Eyes & nostrils) (Junior) HIH140-2/CAHA4 Q: What do you call a wide white stripe running down the face to the lips? A: Blaze (Junior) Q: Describe the leg marking “sock” A: White extends from the coronet to & including the fetlock (Junior) Q: Describe the leg marking “pastern” A: White extends from the coronet to & including the pastern HIH140-2 HIH140-2 (Junior) HIH140-2 Q: What leg marking extends from the coronet to & including the knee? A: Full stocking (Junior) TH82/HIH140-2 Q: Describe the face marking “star” A: A small, clearly defined patch of white hairs on the forehead (white mark on the forehead) (Junior) HIH140-1 Q: What do most grulla colored horses have on their legs and withers? A: Zebra stripes (Junior) HH7 Q: What is the term for faded out color around the horse’s mouth? A: Mealy-mouthed (Junior) Q: What is skewbald? A: Any color, except black, with white TH46 (Junior) Q: What does flaxen mean? A: Mane & tail that are colored light yellow to white — GAITS JUNIOR STUDY Junior (Junior) TH181 Q: What is the term used when describing a winding or twisting of the striding leg around in front of the supporting leg – which results in contact like that of a rope-walking artist? A: Winding or rope-walking (junior) HH13/HIH230-5 Q: Describe paddling A: Throwing the front feet outward as they are picked up (junior) common knowledge//TH179 Q: Define cross-firing A: One lead in front with the opposite lead in back at the lope or gallop OR A hindfoot on one side strikes the diagonal forefoot (forging in the pacing horse) (junior) TH171 Q: What is the term used to describe the rhythmic, characteristic movements of a horse’s feet & legs? A: Gaits (junior) TH176 Q: A medium-fast, collected canter exhibited in Western classes is called what? A: Lope (junior) TH175 Q: Define lateral gait & give an example A: Legs & feet move in lateral pairs in performing the gait.

    Front & hind feet on the same side start & stop at the same time.

    Ex: Pace (junior) TH171 Q: What is a natural gait? A: One that’s performed by natural impulse & without training (the horse is born knowing how to do it) (junior) HIH152-1 Q: Which gait is a distinguishing characteristic of the Tennessee Walking Horse? A: Running walk (junior) Q: What is the name for a fast, 4-beat ground-covering walk? A: Running walk (junior) HH23 Q: What movement is important for opening gates? A: Sidepass (junior) TH175 Q: What is the last foot to hit the ground in the canter when on the right lead? A: Right front (junior) Q: Which gait is known as the foundation gait or “mother of all gaits”? A: Walk TH172 TH178 1 Study Guide – Page 45 (junior) Q: At the canter or lope, what do you call the independently moving leg? A: Lead TH175 (junior) TH173 Q: What is a diagonal gait? A: Front foot and opposite hind foot start & stop at same time (Legs move in diagonal pairs in performing gait) Ex: Trot (junior) TH178 Q: What is the 5th gait of the American Saddle Horse? A: Rack (junior) TH173-picture Q: What kind of base of support does a horse possess at the walk? A: Triangular (junior) TH175 Q: What is another name for the slow trot? A: Jog (junior) TH175 Q: What gait is an easy, rhythmical, 3-beat gait? A: Canter (junior) Q: Describe the movement of the pace A: Front & hind feet on the same side start & stop at the same time (junior) Q: What is another name for sidestep? A: Traverse HH18 TH175 (junior) common knowledge Q: What is meant by a simple lead change? A: Bring the horse back into a walk or trot (jog) and restart in a lope (canter) on the opposite lead (junior) TH181 Q: Striking the ground hard in the stride is called what? A: Pounding (junior) Q: What is another name for the gallop? A: Run TH176 (junior) TH173 Q: Which gait is a rapid, 2-beat, diagonal gait? A: Trot (junior) TH173 Q: In the trot, one set of diagonal hooves is on the ground then the other set of diagonal hooves is one the ground.

    What is the next move? A: All 4 hooves are off the ground for a moment 2 Study Guide – Page 46 (junior) TH171 Q: How many natural gaits does the horse have? A: Three (junior) TH169/FCH405 Q: The distance from imprint to imprint by a horse’s foot is called what? A: Stride (junior) TH172 Q: Which natural gait is a four-beat gait with each foot striking the ground independently from the other three feet? A: Walk Easy (Easy) Q: If a horse is “forging”, what is he doing? A: Striking the forefoot with the toe of the hindfoot (on same side) TH179/HIH525-4

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    Horses-Store.com and Saddle Horse : junior Q Where did the Connemara originate A Ireland county….

    Horses-Store.com - Saddle Horse : junior Q Where did the Connemara originate A Ireland county….

    Horses-Store.com and Saddle Horse : junior Q Where did the Connemara originate A Ireland county….

    Horses-Store.com - Saddle Horse : junior Q Where did the Connemara originate A Ireland county….